The strength of Judging also tends to be quite pronounced among Ones. Most likely representative: ENTP. Type 3 is a bit trickier. A study in the Journal of Psychological Type showed that, to the surprise of many, Myers-Briggs Intuition N was the preference most strongly correlated with the Three. This makes sense considering that both Threes and Intuitives tend to be future and goal-oriented. So while Threes are more likely to be Extraverts E , there are actually more Introverted Threes than is commonly believed.
Finally, Enneagram authors Don Riso and Russ Hudson suggest that Threes, especially those who are unhealthy, tend to be estranged from their true feelings, which is more likely among Myers-Briggs Thinkers T.
Taken together, the ENTP would appear the most likely representative of this type. Research generally bears this out, indicating that Sensors are far more likely to test as Sixes than Intuitives although Intuitives may have a Six wing. In this post, we will take a quick peek at some of these telling connections. The strength of Judging also tends to be quite pronounced among Ones. Most likely representative: ENTP. Type 3 is a bit trickier. A study in the Journal of Psychological Type showed that, to the surprise of many, Myers-Briggs Intuition N was the preference most strongly correlated with the Three.
This makes sense considering that both Threes and Intuitives tend to be future and goal-oriented.
How the Enneagram System Works
So while Threes are more likely to be Extraverts E , there are actually more Introverted Threes than is commonly believed. Finally, Enneagram authors Don Riso and Russ Hudson suggest that Threes, especially those who are unhealthy, tend to be estranged from their true feelings, which is more likely among Myers-Briggs Thinkers T. Taken together, the ENTP would appear the most likely representative of this type. Draw a circle and mark nine equidistant points on its circumference.
Designate each point by a number from one to nine, with nine at the top, for symmetry and by convention. Each point represents one of the nine basic personality types. The nine points on the circumference are also connected with each other by the inner lines of the Enneagram. Note that points Three, Six, and Nine form an equilateral triangle. These six points form an irregular hexagram. The meaning of these inner lines will be discussed shortly. From one point of view, the Enneagram can be seen as a set of nine distinct personality types, with each number on the Enneagram denoting one type.
It is common to find a little of yourself in all nine of the types, although one of them should stand out as being closest to yourself. This is your basic personality type.
This is one area where most all of the major Enneagram authors agree— we are born with a dominant type. Subsequently, this inborn orientation largely determines the ways in which we learn to adapt to our early childhood environment. It also seems to lead to certain unconscious orientations toward our parental figures, but why this is so, we still do not know. In any case, by the time children are four or five years old, their consciousness has developed sufficiently to have a separate sense of self.
Although their identity is still very fluid, at this age children begin to establish themselves and find ways of fitting into the world on their own. Thus, the overall orientation of our personality reflects the totality of all childhood factors including genetics that influenced its development. The descriptions of the personality types are universal and apply equally to males and females, since no type is inherently masculine or feminine. Not everything in the description of your basic type will apply to you all the time because you fluctuate constantly among the healthy, average, and unhealthy traits that make up your personality type.
The Enneagram uses numbers to designate each of the types because numbers are value neutral— they imply the whole range of attitudes and behaviors of each type without specifying anything either positive or negative. Unlike the labels used in psychiatry, numbers provide an unbiased, shorthand way of indicating a lot about a person without being pejorative.
The numerical ranking of the types is not significant. A larger number is no better than a smaller number; it is not better to be a Nine than a Two because nine is a bigger number.
No type is inherently better or worse than any other. While all the personality types have unique assets and liabilities, some types are often considered to be more desirable than others in any given culture or group. Furthermore, for one reason or another, you may not be happy being a particular type. As you learn more about all the types, you will see that just as each has unique capacities, each has different limitations.
If some types are more esteemed in Western society than others, it is because of the qualities that society rewards, not because of any superior value of those types. The ideal is to become your best self, not to imitate the assets of another type. This short section is included so that we can have a basic understanding of the types in our discussion without having to go to the longer descriptions in the next section.
As you think about your personality, which of the following nine roles fits you best most of the time? Or, to put it differently, if you were to describe yourself in a few words, which of the following word clusters would come closest? These one-word descriptors can be expanded into four-word sets of traits.
Introduction to the 9 Types
Keep in mind that these are merely highlights and do not represent the full spectrum of each type. The Enneagram is a 3 x 3 arrangement of nine personality types in three Centers.
There are three types in the Instinctive Center , three in the Feeling Center , and three in the Thinking Center , as shown below. Each Center consists of three personality types that have in common the assets and liabilities of that Center. For example, personality type Four has unique strengths and liabilities involving its feelings, which is why it is in the Feeling Center.
The inclusion of each type in its Center is not arbitrary.
Enneagram of Personality - Wikipedia
Each type results from a particular relationship with a cluster of issues that characterize that Center. Most simply, these issues revolve around a powerful, largely unconscious emotional response to the loss of contact with the core of the self. Thus, each type has a particular way of coping with the dominant emotion of its Center. We can briefly see what this means by examining each type, Center by Center.
In other words, when Eights feel anger building in them, they immediately respond to it in some physical way, raising their voices, moving more forcefully. Others can clearly see that Eights are angry because they give themselves permission to express their anger physically. I am not a person who gets angry. Of course, Nines get angry like everyone else, but try to stay out of their darker feelings by focusing on idealizations of their relationships and their world.
Enneagram 9w1 Subtype
They feel that they must stay in control of themselves, especially of their instinctual impulses and angry feelings at all times. They would like to direct these energies according to the dictates of their highly developed inner critic superego , the source of their strictures on themselves and others.
They also want to convince themselves that they are good, loving people by focusing on their positive feelings for others while repressing their negative feelings such as anger and resentment at not being appreciated enough. As long as Twos can get positive emotional responses from others, they feel wanted and are able to control feelings of shame.
Threes learn to cope with shame by trying to become what they believe a valuable, successful person is like. Thus, Threes learn to perform well, to be acceptable, even outstanding, and are often driven relentlessly in their pursuit of success as a way of staving off feelings of shame and fears of failure. Fours highlight their individuality and creativity as a way of dealing with their shameful feelings, although Fours are the type most likely to succumb to feelings of inadequacy.
Fours also manage their shame by cultivating a rich, romantic fantasy life in which they do not have to deal with whatever in their life seems drab or uninteresting to them. Thus, they cope with their fear by withdrawing from the world. Fives become secretive, isolated loners who use their minds to penetrate into the nature of the world. Fives hope that eventually, as they understand reality on their own terms, they will be able to rejoin the world and participate in it, but they never feel they know enough to participate with total confidence.
Instead, they involve themselves with increasingly complex inner worlds. Unlike Fives, Sixes have trouble trusting their own minds, so they are constantly looking outside themselves for something to make them feel sure of themselves. They might turn to philosophies, beliefs, relationships, jobs, savings, authorities, or any combination of the above. But no matter how many security structures they create, Sixes still feel doubtful and anxious. They may even begin to doubt the very people and beliefs that they have turned to for reassurance.
Sixes may also respond to their fear and anxiety by impulsively confronting it— defying their fear in the effort to be free of it.
There are feelings of pain, loss, deprivation, and general anxiety that Sevens would like to stay clear of as much as possible. To cope with these feelings, Sevens keep their minds occupied with exciting possibilities and options— as long as they have something stimulating to anticipate, Sevens feel that they can distract themselves from their fears. Sevens, in most cases, do not stop merely at thinking about these options, however.
As much as possible they attempt to actually do as many of their options as they can. Thus, Sevens can be found staying on the go, pursuing one experience after another, and keeping themselves entertained and engaged with their many ideas and activities. One of the two types adjacent to your basic type is called your wing. Your basic type dominates your overall personality, while the wing complements it and adds important, sometimes contradictory, elements to your total personality.
For example, if you are a personality type Nine, you will likely have either a One-wing or an Eight-wing, and your personality as a whole can best be understood by considering the traits of the Nine as they uniquely blend with the traits of either the One or the Eight.
Related 9 Personality Types
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